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2014考研英语二写作真题新视点以及2015年备考启示

万学海文考研
2014-01-10
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一、2014英语(二)真题写作解析和难度评估

  2013年1月的考研英语(二)的写作A和写作B部分的难度系数分别是0.486和0.445。2014年的写作A部分仍然考查了主流应用文文体——书信。今年的书信考查了两部分要素,一是信息介绍,二是寻求建议,话题为“你要去国外学习,要和John合住,写信告诉他你的生活习惯,并寻求在外国生活的建议”。今年的考题不管是书信类型还是话题内容,相信各位考生并不会陌生,不会无话可说。信息介绍类是我们写作课程的重点,该要素的命题与大纲样题相似,都是陈述型的。第二部分要素是请求咨询类,常用的句式表达相信各位学员在考前的写作指导下一定不会陌生。这个话题的命制与2012年英语(一)的考题相一致,都是属于国外校园生活的建议,语言素材可以直接套用。历年真题在课上都做了精讲、精炼。整体来说,小作文维持了2013年的难度,没有太大的浮动。

  2014年的写作B部分,也就是大作文,仍然考查了图表形式,而且是高频考查的柱状图(如图)。

  这幅图中呈现的数据是从1990年至2010年中国城镇人口和乡村人口的变化。图中所传递的主题是城镇化过程。今年这个话题是预料之中的,我们在考前发给钻石卡学员的“冲刺点睛资料”中直接给出了该话题的二段论证素材,可以直接套用。语言素材如下:

  1.  Currently, an increasing number of people make their mind on living in big cities, first and foremost, it is deeply believed that they can be rich some day through hard-working。(现如今,有越来越多的人涌入城市,第一,他们深信通过努力奋斗,他们终将有一天会变得富有)

  2.  More than 30 years has seen a sharp increase in China’ s economic development, therefore the life in the cities is becoming more and more convenient, we are bound to enjoy lots of advantages that the rural areas can not equip themselves with。(中国改革开放30多年来,经济取得了迅速发展,生活越来越便利化,可以享受到许多农村地区所不能给予的生活)

  3.  Last but not the least, to live in big cities is likely to widen our scope, which will be instrumental in our study as well as work。(最为重要的是,住在大城里可以扩展我们的视野,在我们的学习、工作中扮演一个重要的角色)

  However, there exist a factor of significance that should be taken into account seriously, due to the soaring prices, especially the housing price, and the mounting inflationary, people living in big cities are compelled to live under huge pressure。(但是,另外一个很重要的因素我们必须认真考虑,由于房价暴涨,通货膨胀,住在城市里的人有很大的压力)

  写作的审题很重要,包括题目中的direction部分,比如作文类型,写作篇幅结构,篇幅长短等;审图表,在这方面,考生要仔细审查图表,认真揣摩,能够总结图表中大量数据存在的规律,挖掘特殊值;提示语,一般的图表都会有标题,考生应该注意,利用这些信息,这些信息在很大程度上影响到立意的准确性和论证的充分性。

  二、2014英语(二)真题写作参考范文

  Part A 【参考范文】

 Dear John,
        I am your future roommate Li Ming, and an undergraduate from China who is coming over to America for further education. I am writing this letter to let you know about me and ask for some suggestions for my future life in America。
        First, I am a quiet person so that your keeping silent would be highly appreciated. Second, I like cooking and I wonder whether it is okay to you that I cook Chinese dish at home, because the preparation for Chinese cuisine may produce much smoke. Third, I want to buy a car but I know nothing about traffic rules in America. Would you please deliver some knowledge about traffic rules in U.S..
Wish you reply soon。
 

Yours sincerely,
Li Ming

  Part B 【参考范文】

  The chart/table shows the changes of the population in rural and urban areas during the time period from 1990 to 2010. As can be seen from the chart, city and rural area showed a distinguished trend in population. The population in city increased at a breakneck speed and surpassed that of rural area during the period from 1990 to 2010, while population in rural region, though remaining the same from 1990 to 2000, but began decreasing ever since 2000 to a scale which was close to that of city。

  There are many contributing/contributory factors, both the external and internal ones, that can account for such such a trend. The first contributing factor is the substantially fast developing steps of cities in China. No one can deny that since Chinese economic reform from 1980s which mostly benefits people in city. The second reason is that Chinese farmers enjoy the harvest from new policies that are established to benefit farmers. People in rural areas are allowed to migrate for work and residence by the law and an increasing number of farmers choose to work in city and become migrant workers just because they would make much more money than ever before in city. All these are the result of urbanization。

  Based on the analyses above, we can safely draw the conclusion that the process of urbanization will continue in the years ahead, and every single Chinese benefits from the fast development of China。

  三、2015年考研英语(二)写作备考方向和建议

  对于写作这个题型,很多考生有一个误区,大家会认为写作是强化阶段才开始的,还有一些同学认为写作就是到考前背背模板,盲目地寻求所谓的万能模板。但是从历年考研成功经验来看,考研英语想得高分,仅仅阅读一个题型还不够,必须写作也要得高分。而写作高分绝不是一日之功,是需要长期的积累和练习过程。所以各位考生请记?。嚎佳杏⒂镄醋髟诨〗锥我丫剂?,如果你还没有意识到这一点,你已经在这场没有硝烟的战争中失去了有利的时机。

  如何在基础阶段为写作打好基础呢?仍然是从词和句入手。

  词汇是英语的基础,是备考各类型题目的基础,写作也不例外,如果词汇不够丰富,不会灵活运用,特别是在考研英语写作中。大家在基础阶段背词汇的时候,不仅仅要扩充词汇量,而且要注意积累写作词汇,尤其是考研英语写作话题相关的词汇。历年考研英语(二)大作文所考查的话题汇总如下:

年份 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

主题

发展国家和发达国家手机用户量的变化 国内轿车市场部分品牌市场份额变化 某公司员工工作满意度调查 大学生兼职情况调查 中国城市化过程:农村人口下降,城市人口增加

对于句子,各位考生在基础阶段的语法学习时,以及平时的长难句练习和基础阅读中要注意积累比较好的句式、句型,甚至是比较好的语言表达。日积月累,等到强化阶段时,你会发现你的写作起步台阶已经比其它的同学高了一级。强化阶段的写作,各位同学在课堂上学习的是考研英语写作的写作方法,而从强化阶段才开始进入写作的段、篇训练阶段。而写作方法和训练都是建立在写作词、句的基础之上的。

  只有“词句基础+方法+训练”三者相结合,写作才可以得高分,你才能在考研英语中立于不败之地。

 

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